CEREMONIAL CENTER OF CAHUACHI
Cahuachi was a ceremonial centre founded before the birth of the Nazca Culture around 400 AD. Its importance declined following an invasion by the Wari culture around 300 BC. It is located in the valley along the Nazca River at 28km from the town. Its name means “Place where the clairvoyants live”.
It was a centre for pilgrims whose permanent population was very small. On key dates, however, when important ceremonies were held thousands of people would attend. It is likely that some of the ceremonies were related to the Nazca Lines.
34 Constructions have been identified within the walls of the centre. The most important of these are:
- The Great Pyramid, which is 150 metres long and 28m high. There are 7 stepped levels. This was the central point for the ceremonies.
- The Stepped Temple, on which inscriptions and friezes have been found. It has a height of 5m and a length of 25m.
- Mounds: There are 40 mounds constructed of mud bricks.
Duration: 2½ hours approximately
You will be collected from your hotel at the agreed time. We shall leave in private transport heading in a south westerly direction. The journey to the ceremonial temple site of Cahuachi takes about 30 minutes.
Here we shall be able to visit and appreciate the Great Temple, The Great Pyramid, The Stepped Temple and other nearby remains. Our guide will provide information about the Civilization which build and run the centre and about the Religious Beliefs at the period the Centre was operating.
After leaving the ceremonial site we shall visit a wood of Huarango trees. This tree can live for over one thousand years and aside from its importance in providing the Nazca Culture with wood for construction held a key ecological role because its deep root systems helped to protect against erosion caused by water and wind. Indeed a group of students from Cambridge University concluded that the downfall of the Nazca civilization was directly related to massive deforestation of this tree. This led to a huge loss of land when an unusually strong El Niño event happened at the time. (El Niño is a climatic event which continues to cause major natural disasters in Peru every decade or so when sea temperatures rise)
Finally on our return journey we shall visit an aqueduct at Ocongalla. This is constructed of stone and is in perfect condition. The water comes from all the way from the Andean peaks having filtered through underground streams. Local farmers continue to use the waters to irrigate their fields.
Once the visit is concluded we shall drop you off at your hotels.
COST OF THE TOUR
The Price Includes:
- Pick up from hotel
- Private transport throughout the trip
- A Professional guide
- Entrance to the Ceremonial Site
- Drop off at hotel